Are you confused by anything you have heard or read anything ‘Integrated Pest Management’? Don’t be embarrassed or ashamed for not being in the loop. There are many in your shoes. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) or Integrated Pest Control (IPC) is a broad-based common sense approach that integrates effective pest control practices that are also environmentally sensitive. IPM aims to minimize pesticides and focus more on pest prevention by using information on pests life cycles and their interaction with our environment. By doing so we can reduce the risk to human health and nature. IPM can be used to manage all kinds of pests anywhere; from agricultural to non-agricultural areas such as homes, gardens and businesses. IPM focuses on long-term prevention of pests and their damage to the ecosystem.
Pest Monitoring & Correct Pest Identification
In IPM, monitoring and correct pest identification are of the utmost importance. They can help you decide whether pest control is needed. Monitoring means checking your home, buildings, garden, landscape, forest or crops (where applicable) to identify which pests are present, how many there are and what damage they have caused. Correctly identifying the pest is key to knowing whether the pest is likely to become a problem and in determining the best management strategy. After monitoring and correctly identifying the pest and its specific biology and environmental factors, you can decide whether the pest can be tolerated or whether it is a problem that requires control. If pest control is needed, this information also helps you select the most effective pest management methods.
Integrated Pest Management Control Methods
The most effective way to prevent pests is by using a combination of methods that work best together than separately. There are four common groups, which are;
– Biological Control. This is the use of natural enemies including predators, parasites, pathogens, and competitors. Using these enemies can control pests and the damage they cause.
– Cultural Control. Cultural controls are practices that reduce pest establishment, reproduction, dispersal and survival. An example would be changing irrigation schedules reducing pests since too much water contributes to root disease and weeds.
– Mechanical and Physical Controls. This kills a pest directly or makes the environment unsuitable for a specific pests needs. Traps for rodents gives you an idea on a mechanical control. Physical controls is a barrier installed over growing berries to prevent birds from eating them or insects destroying them.
– Chemical Control. This is basically the use of pesticides. In IPM, the pesticides are used only if necessary and in proper doses to not cause harm to people.
The benefits from IPM are wonderful. IPM reduces the need for pesticides, thereby shielding the environment from excessive pesticide use. IPM also fosters clean water supplies and promotes sound structure and healthy plants. Rest Easy Pest Control is proud to utilize integrated pest management methods to solve pest problems while minimizing harm to people and the environment.